3.5 Captive breeding for commercial purposes (outside country of origin)
There are only few data available about breeding for commercial purposes. The World Conservation Monitoring Centre has provided data about international trade with captive bred (second generation) birds (WCMC, 2001). Between 1983 and 2000 around 16 captive bred birds were traded all of them in 1999. Commercial breeding centres on the Philippines and Tenerife produced 37 young between 1998 and 2001 (Table 2; REINSCHMIDT in litt.; 2001; Bundesamt f?r Naturschutz, 2002).
Table 2: Breeding success of Ara couloni in two commercial breeding centres
1998 1999 2001
Birds International, Philippines 3 14 12
Loro Parque, Tenerife - - 8
Most Blue-headed macaws are in private collections. Breeding records are available from the
Society of Species Conservation and Aviculture (AZ), the largest society for private breeders in Germany. In 1998 six young were produced from two pairs (AZN, 2000). It is not known how many of these and further birds are sold commercially.
From 1998 to 2001 fourteen confiscated Blue-headed macaws were kept at Fundaci?n ARA, Mexico, where they successfully raised four young. Lack of financial support to Fundaci?n ARA caused that the entire group was moved to Bronx Zoo in 2001 (INIGO-ELIAS in litt.; 2002a). It is planed to establish a breeding programme for conservation purposes for Ara couloni (BRUNING in litt.,2002).
Wildlife Survival Center 2001
A donation from the government of Mexico and the help of Don Bruning, Bronx Zoo chairman and curator of ornithology, 14 blueheaded macaws have taken up residence on the island.
The macaws are the only representatives of their species in the United States.
Living Institution 2002
The Wildlife Survival Center also celebrated
the first captive hatching in North America of the blue-headed macaw. Our population is the only captive group in the United States. Little is knownabout this “mini-macaw,” which occurs in small,scattered groups in the western Amazon Basin,eastern Peru, and northwestern Bolivia. We are developing a program with field biologists in Peru to investigate the birds’ ecological requirements".
First hatching Blue Headed Macaw occured in 2002
C. Pefley Heaven on Earth Avian Acre 2007-2008
Cherane Pefley, Owner of Heaven on Earth Avian Acre became involved with the species by selectively purchasing several diverse genetic bloodlines. This includes captive bred offspring from the 14 blue headed macaws brought into the United States; thanks to the government of Mexico donation ,and the help of Don Bruning, Bronx Zoo chairman and curator of ornithology. The purpose is to offer for sale genetically diverse, single, and unrelated, pairs. This will assist in the unified long term goal of establishing a viable captive population.
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C.Pefley Female Blue Headed Macaw
CLICK IMAGE TO VIEW VIDEO
By submitting POP QUIZ form with your telephone number and/or Email you are consenting for Cherane Pefley to contact you even if your name is on a Federal or State "Do not call List".
*Florida Residents will be charged a 6.5% sales tax.*
If your interested in being part of Blue Headed Macaw captive population program please complete the POP QUIZ.
Import documentation for the parents of Blue Headed Macaws offspring when purchased and delivered/pickup
BOTH HATCHED THIRD WEEK OF MARCH, 2009HATCHED MARCH 20,2009 AT HEAVEN ON EARTH AVIAN ACRE.
LICENSED BY THE STATE OF FLORIDA FWS SINCE 1990
AND PALM BEACH COUNTY LICENSED.
Appendix I includes species threatened with extinction that are or may be affected by trade. Import is prohibited for primarily commercial
purposes unless the animals meet the criteria for bred-in-captivity (see below). A shipment requires both export and import permits, issued only when the purpose of the import
or export will not be detrimental to the species’ survival and the specimens were legally acquired.
Export to an importer establishing a breeding program to sell offspring is considered a commercial purpose.Hatched feb 2009
at HEAVEN ON EARTH AVIAN ACRE
F2 generation Blue Headed Macaws Heaven On Earth Avian Acre with F3 offspring Febuary, 2009
What is bred in captivity Under CITES?
The terms captive-born, captivehatched,captive-bred, and bred-incaptivity are often used interchangeably, but there is a
difference. Captive-born or captivehatched describe animals born or
hatched in captivity, but whose parents may have mated in the wild, i.e. when a wild-caught female is pregnant at the time she is placed in captivity, or when eggs are collected from the wild, then
hatched in captivity. Generally, captivebred describes animals that were born or hatched in captivity and whose parents mated in captivity.
!The parental breeding stock (founder stock) was: (1) legally acquired, CITES countries have agreed that wildlife may be considered bred-incaptivity only if the exporting country
finds that the animals meet the following strict criteria:
! The parental breeding stock (founder stock) was: (1) legally acquired, Blue Headed Macaws
(2) established in a manner not detrimental to species survival in the
wild, and (3) maintained without the addition of wild-caught animals,
except for occasional addition of animals to prevent or alleviate
deleterious inbreeding and for other exceptional circumstances.
! The captive-breeding program has produced offspring of second
generation or subsequent generations in a controlled environment or the species is managed in a manner that has demonstrated reliable breeding to the second generation by other breeders. Some second-generation specimens do not qualify under CITES as bred-in-captivity because the breeding program does not produce sufficient offspring to maintain the diversity of the captive stock.
How can I show that my animals are bred in captivity?
Keep good records. For applications involving exporting bred-in-captivity specimens, the Division of Management Authority may require information on:
How, when, and where parental stock was obtained, and documentation to show its legal origin—obtain a receipt showing source of specimens and parental stock. Additional information may be required for species subject to significant levels of illegal international trade.
! Inventory of captive population that shows the number of animals by sex and age- or size-class. Annual production (eggs laid, young born or hatched, young reared to independence) and mortalities within captive population. ! Number of animals sold or transferred annually. ! Number of animals added to the breeder’s captive population from another source. ! Transaction records (i.e., date, quantity of animals, name and address of seller, and a list of previous owners, with a complete history of transactions back to the breeder or importer. For imported animals, try to obtain and keep a copy of the CITES permit and wildlife import declaration).You may need to permanently mark your animals to track them, as well as make available photographs or videos of the captive propagation program and facilities, including activities during nesting and production and rearing of young. Additional information may be requested if you are breeding for commercial purposes and are applying to register your facility.
Does buying young animals provide any assurance that they are captivebred
or of legal origin?
Unfortunately, no. Young animals or eggs could have been removed from the wild. Their small size makes them easier to conceal and trade illegally. Captive-bred animals are not of legal origin if one of the parents was obtained illegally. You can help conservation
efforts by finding out the source of the animals you purchase and refusing to buy questionable stock.
"Blue-headed Macaw Primolius couloni is currently classified as Endangered (C2ai) as its population may number fewer than 1,000 individuals and is declining."
US Fish & Wildlife Service
EDUCATION FWS Distance Learning Classrooms Go!
When you view the video in the link below please keep in mind this is within their bird hut. They fly threw their indifidual window to their outside flight of 16 through 18 feet long. The Illigers parents are inside the Bird Hut with the cages removed from their windows to prepare their being put in carriers to leave the facility.
Blue Headed Macaws
1.1 Class: Aves
1.2 Order: Psittaciformes
1.3 Family: Psittacidae
1.4 Genus: Ara
Species: Ara couloni (Sclater, 1876)
1.5 Scientific synonyms: Propyrrhura couloni (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920)
Their sounds are soft high calls.
The Blue-headed Macaw is 41 cm (16 in) long. Mostly green olive plumage with the head, flight feathers and primary coverts blue. The uppertail has a maroon base, a narrow green center and a blue tip. The undertail and underwing are greenish-yellow. The bill is pale greyish-horn with a black base and upper mandible in adults typically appears mainly pale. The iris is white with a narrow, barely visible, maroon eye-ring. The facial skin and lores are dark grey. The legs are dull pinkish. Juveniles bill is black, greyer legs, darker iris and the facial skin and lores white.
south-west Amazon, east Andean foothills.
I made a Video of one talking with expression at seven months of age.